Northeastern Manitoulin and the Islands (NEMI) is a municipality with “town” status in Manitoulin District in Northeastern Ontario, approximately 30 kilometres south of Espanola. Its main town is Little Current, located on the northeast side of Manitoulin Island. The Town of Northeastern Manitoulin and the Islands was created on January 1, 1998 by amalgamating the Town of Little Current with the Township of Howland and the unorganized small islands in Lake Huron.
Little Current is the largest community within the Town of Northeastern Manitoulin and the Islands, as well as its administrative centre. Formerly an independent town, Little Current was named variously by different groups for the swift strong currents of water running between the narrow passageway which connects the North Channel and Georgian Bay. Past names for the community included Waebijewung, Le Petit Courant and Shaftesbury.